Category: History Philosophy On Science Nature

Experiment and Exploration: Forms of World-Disclosure: From by Sönke Ahrens

By Sönke Ahrens

This ebook offers with modern epistemological questions, connecting academic Philosophy with the sector of technology- and expertise reviews. it may be understood as a draft of a common concept of world-disclosure, that's in its middle a contrast among varieties of world-disclosure: scan and exploration. those types have by no means been essentially exclusive earlier than. the focal point lies at the experimental type of world-disclosure, that's defined intimately and unlike the explorational shape alongside the road of twenty-one features, that are more often than not derived from empirical experiences of experimental paintings within the box of typical sciences. it may possibly even be understood as an try to combine components of the Anglo-Saxon Philosophy of technological know-how with components of the German culture of academic Philosophy. this can be additionally mirrored within the sort of writing. according to the content-level of the publication, the argument for experimental varieties of world-disclosure is written in an essayistic, readable sort, that are understood as an experimental kind of writing.

This ebook is a translation of the doctoral thesis 'Experiment und Exploration. Bildung als experimentelle shape der Welterschließung' (summa cum laude). The thesis used to be released in German in 2010 through Transcript (Bielefeld) within the sequence referred to as 'Theorie Bilden', edited by means of Prof. Dr. Hannelore Faulstich-Wieland, Prof. Dr. Hans-Christoph Koller, Prof. Dr. Karl-Josef Pazzini and Prof. Dr. Michael Wimmer.

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Freedom All The Way Up: God and the Meaning of Life in a by Christian J. Barrigar

By Christian J. Barrigar

Freedom all of the means Up proposes 4 intertwined parts that make up the which means of life—self-worth, function, id, and desire. Materialism (atheism) declare the universe has no which means, so there's no better useful tale into which we will position ourselves—we are left on our personal to build that means for our lives. Barrigar argues, although, that the universe own God’s which means and purpose—to give you the area and prerequisites wherein to result in the lifestyles of agape-capable beings in agape-loving relationships with God and with others. In influence, the universe is a smart ‘freedom method’ designed through God with freedom inbuilt ‘all the way in which up’, from the large Bang to the emergence of massive brains and unfastened will. Barrigar describes the emergence of the program via his novel agape/probability account of God’s layout for the universe, which integrates such disciplines as quantum physics, statistical mechanics, likelihood conception, evolutionary psychology, neuroscience, and video game conception. the program units up the stipulations for a basic selection among self sustaining freedom, which focuses largely on self, and agapic freedom, which focuses mostly on God and on others. Materialism chooses self sufficient freedom, yet thereby introduces nihilism into all the parts of which means. In seems that nihilism is a miles better challenge for Materialism than soreness is for Theism. against this, agapic freedom infuses self esteem, objective, id, and desire with God’s agape-love, dispelling Materialism’s inherent nihilism. Freedom the entire method Up presents a dramatic new thought for God and the that means of lifestyles in our medical and humanist age.

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The Philosophy of Luck (Metaphilosophy) by Duncan Pritchard,Lee John Whittington

By Duncan Pritchard,Lee John Whittington

This is the 1st quantity of its type to supply a curated number of state of the art scholarship at the philosophy of luck

  • Offers an in-depth exam of the concept that of success, which has frequently been neglected in philosophical study
  • Includes discussions of success from various philosophical views, together with ethics, epistemology, metaphysics, and cognitive science
  • Examines the function of success in middle philosophical difficulties, resembling unfastened will
  • Features paintings from the most philosophers writing on success today

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Wege der Wissenschaft: Einführung in die by Alan F. Chalmers,Niels Bergemann,Christine

By Alan F. Chalmers,Niels Bergemann,Christine Altstötter-Gleich,N. Bergemann,C. Altstötter-Gleich

Chalmers kritische Reflexion über die Wissenschaftstheorie avancierte zum Standardwerk. In über 15 Sprachen übersetzt, verdankt es seine Popularität der Tatsache, dass Chalmer die komplexe Thematik auch Laien verständlich macht. Zahlreiche Beispiele illustrieren seinen hervorragenden Überblick über klassische Ansätze: Induktivismus, kritischer Rationalismus, Falsifikationismus, Popper, Lakatos, Kuhn und Feyerabend. Zusätzlich geht er auch auf aktuelle Entwicklungen ein. Plus: das test, "Neuer Experimentalismus", Wahrscheinlichkeitstheorie (Bayes), naturwissenschaftliche Gesetze, die aktuelle "Realismus as opposed to Anti-Realismus-Debatte".

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Early Work (1905 - 1911): 001 (Niels Bohr - Collected Works) by J. R. Nielsen

By J. R. Nielsen

The impact of Niels Bohr's paintings, of his method of examine, either sensible and theoretical, is largely felt at the present time. His contributions to our wisdom of the atomic components of subject and to our view of technological know-how, stay of primary importance.

The e-book of his gathered works will supply historians of technological know-how and scientists easy accessibility to a life-work solely dedicated to the rational research of the legislation of nature and of the singular personality in their which means for us.

In addition to Bohr's released papers, the sequence contains unpublished manuscripts and a big variety of letters and different records, with explanatory notes.

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Scientism: Science, Ethics and Religion (Routledge Science by Mikael Stenmark

By Mikael Stenmark

Can technology let us know every little thing there's to grasp approximately fact? The highbrow and sensible successes of technology have led a few scientists to imagine that there are not any actual limits to the competence of technological know-how, and no limits to what may be accomplished within the identify of technology. for that reason, technological know-how has no obstacles; it is going to finally resolution all our difficulties. This view (and related perspectives) were known as Scientism. during this vital e-book scientists' perspectives approximately technology and its courting to wisdom, ethics and faith are subjected to serious scrutiny. a few exclusive normal scientists have encouraged Scientism in a single shape or one other - Francis Crick, Richard Dawkins, Carl Sagan, and Edward O. Wilson - and their awesome influence either in and out the sciences is taken into account. Clarifying what Scientism is, this booklet proceeds to judge its key claims, expounded in questions corresponding to: Is it the case that technology can let us know every little thing there's to understand approximately fact? Can technology let us know how we morally should stay and what the that means of lifestyles is? Can technological know-how actually be our new faith? Ought we to develop into "science believers"? Stenmark addresses those and comparable concerns, concluding that Scientism will not be technology yet disguised materialism or naturalism; its advocates miss out on this, no longer being sufficiently acutely aware that their arguments presuppose the former attractiveness of definite extra-scientific or philosophical beliefs.

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Species: A History of the Idea (Species and Systematics) by John S. Wilkins

By John S. Wilkins

The advanced notion of "species" has developed through the years, but its that means is much from resolved. This complete paintings takes a clean examine an idea valuable to the sector of biology via tracing its heritage from antiquity to this present day. John S. Wilkins explores the essentialist view, a staple of common sense from Plato and Aristotle throughout the heart a long time to relatively contemporary occasions, and considers the belief of species in usual history—a thought frequently attached to replica. Tracing "generative conceptions" of species again via Darwin to Epicurus, Wilkins presents a brand new standpoint at the dating among philosophical and organic techniques to this idea. He additionally studies the array of present definitions. Species is a benchmark exploration and explanation of an idea basic to the earlier, current, and way forward for the traditional sciences.

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